What human activity is comfortable installed in the pre-industrial era and does not want to know anything about machines?
In fact, almost all the productive sectors of the western world are overcoming the industrial revolution to enter fully into the digital world. There is talk of incorporating information into objects so that they interact with people (the Internet of things) and the economy of developed countries begins to pivot around information, relegating the industry to a secondary role. Is it possible that in this situation we find ourselves with a sector that not only refuses to enter this format, but does not even seriously consider industrializing its processes? You are right. It is, no more, no less, than in the construction sector.
Although it seems incredible, the construction of houses, especially in our country, is absolutely reluctant to industrial processes and prefers to remain anchored in the tradition of bricks, load-bearing walls and structural columns whose antecedents are they go back to the era of Nebuchadnezzar. In the digital universe, residential construction continues to advance with plains, cement and bricks. The image of the virtual constructions in 3D contrasts to the one of the gentleman with a handkerchief of four knots. Welcome to the future.
Prefabricated homes are a reality with a long tradition, especially in areas such as the Nordic countries or the US. The advantages of this type of construction are many (speed, safety, comfort, aesthetics) although the price is not yet one of them. For prefabricated homes to be competitive compared to traditional ones, they would have to enjoy greater demand and in this way lower prices. The sense of property, so rooted in the collective unconscious of this country, is fulfilled when it comes to a construction like the ones before, solid, settled on the ground, billet. The prefabricated formats inspire distrust. Actually, for no reason.
There are many initiatives in this sense. Some are more fortunate than others and, although all clash with the general feeling, the feeling is that, over time, industrial construction will eventually prevail. The most obvious advantage is the low installation time of a new home. The second big advantage is the possibility of adapting each delivery to the customer's tastes. The industrialized houses are lighter and as safe and efficient from the energy point of view as those that more.
There are many good examples of these houses that have already overcome the horrible cliché of the wooden house and produce modules of very interesting formats and sizes. In our magazine we have sometimes published good examples of the great opportunity that this format means. The production with concrete or derivatives is the most likely in a country with a temperate climate like ours. But there are other examples and they are, each time, more convincing to the point where we begin to wonder what promotoras expect to work with these formats.
Study [baragaño] of Madrid has created an innovative format of modular housing with structure steel, manufactured in an assembly line, whose objective is to optimize the energy, material and human resources used in its construction.
B-home is made up of different modules that allow to systematize the design for the benefit of personalization and adaptation to various types of buildings. A housing of high quality, versatile and rational, with a delivery time of less than four months.
It is a flexible system that allows to choose between a series of exterior and interior finishes. In addition, it can be transported and stacked, which can lead to a collective housing building for example.
The home meets the highest energy efficiency requirements and quality levels required by the Technical Code of the Edification. It has innovative materials and systems that contribute to saving energy. In this context the Soleal sliding windows from Technal stand out, providing the necessary features to guarantee maximum comfort inside. Its versatility both in design – it has three different leaf finishes – and in its features – it offers modules of 55, 65 and 75 mm -, make this aluminum carpentry with breakage of the thermal bridge an ideal option for a project of these characteristics.
The "B home" is among the finalist works of the XIII Spanish Biennial of Architecture and Urbanism. She has also been awarded the first mention in the Palmarés Architecture Aluminum Technal 2015 in the "Habitar" category.